Tenaris and Centro Sviluppo Materiali (CSM) launched a Joint Industrial Project aimed at developing heavy wall line pipes. The suitability for very severe applications, involving high service pressures and temperatures, the latter causing large strain fluctuations, in presence of an aggressive sour environment, is analyzed both theoretically and experimentally, including small and full pipe models. The full project program aims at developing a new generation heavy wall product, supported by: a comprehensive laboratory analysis of the material response under severe mechanical loading in aggressive environment; and full scale testing program, including both pipe and girth weld. Both investigations are mainly addressed to basic understanding of impact on design criteria from interaction between severe loading and aggressive environment. Two papers have been already presented on this project,  and . The present paper deals with the study, carried out in cooperation with Saipem Energy Services, aimed at setting up a tool for the prediction of ratcheting extent for the pipeline in pressure subjected to axial cyclic, even plastic, straining. In such conditions, ratcheting may develop in the circumferential direction, as a consequence of both material cyclic performance and bi-axial plastic flow. So, detailed characterization of material is required, as well as calibration of plastic performance parameters, particularly in relation to relevant modeling. The final objective of the study is to establish a threshold for the plastic strain development at peak load, beyond which circumferential ratcheting may develop. A numerical model was set up, on-purpose developed and implemented on commercial software, where reverse yielding is modeled by kinematic hardening referring to Von-Mises yield criterion. Use of relevant parameters describing/approximating the actual material response has been made, based on laboratory Multi Plastic Straining Cycling (MPSC) of pipe full thickness samples. Full scale testing of pressurized X65, 10 3/4″ OD × 46 mm WT linepipe has been performed including plastic axial and cyclic straining. A huge measurement campaign allowed to establish the relevant parameters that characterize the response from numerical modeling, facilitating the validation of the set up by comparing the actual ratcheting exhibited by the heavy wall pipe with predictions obtained by the model. Limits of current tools for numerical modeling are also shown, with some degree of dependence on applied straining sequence. Possible paths of numerical modeling improvement are then envisaged.
- Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
Ultra Heavy Wall Linepipe X65: Ratcheting in Severe Cyclic Straining
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Di Vito, L, Ferino, J, Mannucci, G, Lucci, A, Vitali, L, Marchesani, F, Armengol, M, Novelli, P, Tintori, F, Darcis, P, Izquierdo, A, & Quintanilla, H. "Ultra Heavy Wall Linepipe X65: Ratcheting in Severe Cyclic Straining." Proceedings of the ASME 2010 29th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. 29th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering: Volume 5, Parts A and B. Shanghai, China. June 6–11, 2010. pp. 899-910. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2010-20897
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