Wave energy is a non-polluting and renewable source of energy. Among several wave energy converters (WEC), an oscillating body with a hydraulic power take-off (PTO) is commonly used for energy conversion. For such a hydraulic system, the piston ring and cylinder play very important roles in achieving desired energy converting performance and durability. Among the failure modes of the ring-bore components, wear is a prevailing one. Compared with the ring wear, cylinder wear is more important to the manufacturer and user, because cylinders are more expensive to replace than the rings. Since the floating body is exposed to irregular incident waves, the dynamic response of the PTO is also random. The position of maximum accumulated wear damage along the cylinder bore cannot be as easily determined as the engine bores where the maximum wear occurs near the Top Dead Centre (TDC). It is controlled by the characteristic dynamics of the system together with the lubrication of the interface which can be modelled by the well-known Stribeck curve. The purpose of this paper is to establish and apply a method for estimating the wear damage along the cylinder bore. The dynamic response of the WEC system is based on the nonlinear mathematical model established by Yang et al [1]. A particular issue in this research is to calculate the dimensionless film thickness λ (the ratio between the oil film thickness h and the composite surface roughness σ) in the lubricated contacts and then determine the lubrication regime according to the Stribeck curve. Combining the wear coefficient which is related to the lubrication regime and the contact pressure, the bore wear damage along the cylinder wall is predicted. In this paper, the bore wear damage is estimated on the basis of time domain simulations. The results show that the bore wear distribution is affected by two main factors: sea state condition and the nonlinearity of the PTO system. The position of the bore where the maximum accumulated wear occurs is predicted. Finally, the relative contribution of wear damage from different sea states is obtained.

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