Gas-liquid transportation from the deep ocean floor level to wellhead and, then, to platforms and land processing units is often impeded by wax and hydrates deposits; sand erosion and corrosion-related being frequently encountered. During the last decades it was shown that apparently different problems such as sand erosion and deposition-removal of paraffin during turbulent pipe transportation are the effect of near-wall flow transport related to burst-sweep specific turbulent activity. Coherent structures visualized as a sequence of (in) bursts and outburst sweep actions has already been suggested as an important factor for understanding aging of the paraffin deposit and the deposition-removal balance controlling the grow of deposit. This paper, using published models, investigates the effect of near-wall turbulence on removal of small-size particulate matter, first through direct measurement of burst activity, then, using fine sand and glass beads transported as moving bed during turbulent flow condition. Lack of experimental data for assessing the effect of turbulent liquid pipe flow on burst activity for removal of fines created challenging problems. Those include direct assessment of burst frequency and measurement of the rate of fine sand grading and on-line sampling and measuring the rate of fine removal during sand bed or lenticular deposits transportation. Laboratory work uses a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) instrument to observe and quantified the burst activity as it progresses from the pipe wall to the turbulent core flow. Experimental data are closely compared to existing literature models; in addition the present laboratory measurements allow for describing the dynamic of a burst as it evolves from the pipe wall to turbulent core regions. The frequency of burst removal is further compared with changing of size distribution during the sand bed-slurry transport stage of this work. Results obtained so far at the University of Alberta with the aid of an experimental loop designed and operated for observing and quantifying selective (size-density) radial-axial transportation of fines are discussed and summarized. It is suggested that the experimental data on fines removal and deposition, particularly related to near-turbulent structure activity, is important for understanding and mitigating a broad range of near-wall turbulent-related flow assurance problems.
- Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
Near-Wall Turbulent Transport Knowledge for Suitable Flow Assurance Strategies
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Zeinali, H, Toma, P, & Kuru, E. "Near-Wall Turbulent Transport Knowledge for Suitable Flow Assurance Strategies." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 28th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 7: Offshore Geotechnics; Petroleum Technology. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. May 31–June 5, 2009. pp. 575-582. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2009-79996
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