Some offshore gas production fields require transporting of production fluids through very long submarines pipelines, without a previous separation process. In these cases, a slug flow pattern may develop for some production conditions. Condensate slugs traveling in the pipeline, act as moving loads for the piping structure, especially for the unsupported pipe spans which can be of even hundreds of meters long, due to irregular sea bottom, therefore producing a dynamic response of the pipeline that in some cases may significantly reduce its fatigue life. In this work a previously presented model , which combines fluid equations for predicting slug characteristics and a structural finite element model of horizontal pipelines transporting slugs, is modified for reducing computational cost and to adapt fatigue life calculations to the case of submarine piping. In order to calculate maximum amplitudes of the dynamic response without a time integration scheme, it is considered that traveling slugs produce periodical loads in time for every spatial point of the pipeline, and consequently these loads may be expressed by means of Fourier expansion series. With these assumptions, a more realistic fatigue calculation for a diversity of pipelines conditions is obtained. Results show that for this improved model computational time is dramatically reduced, without a lost in precision, when compared to the previous model requiring a time integration process.
Fatigue Life Prediction Due to Slug Flow in Extra Long Submarine Gas Pipelines Using Fourier Expansion Series
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Casanova, E, Pelliccioni, O, & Blanco, A. "Fatigue Life Prediction Due to Slug Flow in Extra Long Submarine Gas Pipelines Using Fourier Expansion Series." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 28th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 3: Pipeline and Riser Technology. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. May 31–June 5, 2009. pp. 549-557. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2009-79642
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