The increased exploration of deeper Arctic waters motivates the designs of new floating structures to operate under harsh Arctic conditions. Based on several model tests and investigations, structures with conical sections at the waterline have been shown to be a good design for waters where drifting ice is present, because the approaching ice fails in bending which induces smaller loads than crushing failure. However, in most Arctic waters ice features are only present parts of the year and a large portion of the operation time of these structures will be in open water. Therefore, the floating structures must perform well in both these conditions. Conical sections at the waterline will induce nonlinear coupling in the hydrostatic restoring forces and moments. It is important to understand how this affects the behaviour in both ice and open water conditions. In order to investigate the nonlinear coupled hydrostatic restoring forces, an exact analytic expression for the metacentric height of a regular cone is presented. This is further derived to a frustum cone that can be used to develop an exact analytic expression for the hydrostatic restoring forces and moments for any conical body. A platform of the shallow draught-type is used as a basis for the discussion and the effect of the coupled nonlinear restoring forces is illustrated by two-degrees-of-freedom (2DOF) pitch-heave time domain simulations.
Nonlinear Coupled Hydrostatics of Floating Conical Platforms
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Dalane, O, Knutsen, FF, & Lo̸set, S. "Nonlinear Coupled Hydrostatics of Floating Conical Platforms." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 28th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 1: Offshore Technology. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. May 31–June 5, 2009. pp. 793-802. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2009-80018
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