The HAWAI (sHAllow WAter Initiative) JIP was launched in 2005. The objective was to improve the reliability of Offshore (LNG) Terminals by combining the expertise of offshore hydrodynamics and coastal engineering to better address key issues regarding motion and mooring prediction methods in shallow water. One of the key issues identified was the diffraction/radiation calculation as this is the main foundation of all motion and mooring analyses. Comparisons of second order wave drift load transfer functions predicted by leading diffraction/radiation software for a typical 135,000m3 storage capacity LNG Carrier (LNGC) had shown notable differences (see Ref [1]). A benchmark study was launched for a standard LNGC in 15m water depth. Seven leading commercial diffraction/radiation software were used for this comparison (AQWA, DELFRAC, DIFFRAC, DIODORE, HYDROSTAR, WADAM and WAMIT). Comparison was first done by specifying the hull form in CAD format and then by specifying the mesh. First and second order results are presented and conclusions are drawn regarding the robustness of these codes.

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