The fatigue performance of fracture-critical production lines, such as risers and flowlines, has been shown to significantly degrade in the presence of sour hydrocarbon production caused by water injection of reservoirs. To ensure the reliability of the fatigue design under such conditions, experimental verification of the degradation effect on fatigue life due the presence of H2S is required. To that end and over the past several years, ExxonMobil has developed new testing methodologies to evaluate the riser fatigue performance for both in-air and sour conditions. This paper reviews the general elements of the fatigue qualification process and presents new sour fatigue data aimed at assessing performance at the high-cycle fatigue (HCF) and low-cycle fatigue (LCF) regimes. These new data are relevant to that seen in steel catenary riser (SCR) and flowline thermal responses, respectively. Testing methodologies for each regime are discussed and results presented. The new data are interpreted within the context of previous data in the intermediate-cycle fatigue (ICF) to provide a more robust basis for riser design. The main finding is that the new data support a constant slope S-N curve for the practical domain of fatigue lives to which offshore lines are typically designed under sour conditions.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.