An updated Lagrangian finite element formulation of a three-dimensional pipe elbow element is presented for large displacement and large rotation dynamic analysis. In this formulation a particular linearization method is used to avoid inaccuracies normally associated with the linearization schemes. The formulation has been implemented in a nonlinear finite element code and the results are verified. It is shown that the proposed formulation generates improved results over those previously reported in the literature.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.