The installations of sub-sea equipments are very complex operations, requiring previous analysis in order to define the correct procedure and the environmental “window” for a safe operation. This paper addresses the installations of a Mid Water Arch (MWA) that consists of a structure to provide risers support. Connecting the risers to the MWA largely eliminates the dynamic forces that would otherwise cause friction and fatigue. Such structure is composed by the riser guides and several buoyancy tanks. It is kept in the water by means of tethers connected to an anchor. The MWA is to be installed 42m from the seabed. The installation procedure has several steps evolving the launching of each component of the MWA (anchor, main structure and the tethers). A tug boat with an A-frame is used during the whole launching, and an assisting vessel is required to keep the buoy away from the tether and the launching cable. The presence of exciting waves induces oscillatory motions in the whole system, and may cause large dynamic forces in the cables and tethers. Due to the complexity of the multi-body system, a comprehensive numerical and experimental analysis was then carried out in order to dimensioning the launching cables and to define the limit environmental condition. The numerical analysis was carried out in the Numerical Offshore Tank (TPN), a multi-processor offshore system simulator that considers the 6 DOF of each body and all environmental forces acting in them. The lines are modeled by finite-element method. Furthermore, a full set of small-scale experiments were carried out at the State of Sa˜o Paulo Technological Research Institute (IPT) towing tank, considering the system excited by a sinusoidal motion at the top, emulating the wave excitation. Comparisons between numerical and experimental results were performed, with good adherence between them. The validated numerical simulator was then used to make predictions of the behavior of the systems during the installation, considering several environmental conditions and configurations.
Experimental and Numerical Evaluation of the Installation of Sub-Sea Equipments for Risers Support
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Fujarra, ALC, Tannuri, EA, Masetti, IQ, & Igreja, H. "Experimental and Numerical Evaluation of the Installation of Sub-Sea Equipments for Risers Support." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 27th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. Volume 1: Offshore Technology. Estoril, Portugal. June 15–20, 2008. pp. 449-462. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2008-57472
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