This paper addresses the need for U.S. standards to establish design requirements for offshore wind turbine support structures. There are wind power resources in U.S. waters that can be developed to generate substantial amounts of clean, renewable energy. While a number of offshore wind farms have been proposed for U.S. waters none have been built. The U.S. Minerals Management Service and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory have recently commissioned a study to compare and benchmark the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) design standards with the American Petroleum Institute (API) recommended practices. Offshore wind farms that are operating in Europe have been designed using standards developed specifically for offshore wind, such as those developed by Germanischer Lloyd (GL) and Det Norske Veritas (DNV). The IEC has recently drafted design requirements specifically for offshore wind farms that provides a comprehensive definition of load conditions and references other standards, where needed, to provide a complete guidance document. The intent of this paper is to examine the range of applicability of the various design standards and to assess how these standards apply to the design of U.S. offshore wind turbine (OWT) support structures.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.