This paper gives a review of selected public available full scale measured ice forces to fixed structures. Altogether 31 data sources are collected where the highest ice load, a current ice thickness and a structural width is reported. The main emphasis of this study is to formulate an engineering tool to predict upper bound ice forces to structures with a low number of input parameters available. Typical applications will be in early phases of projects for estimations of costs and technical integrity of surface piercing fixed structures in ice infested oceans and rivers.

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