Wave induced vibrations often referred to as springing and/or whipping increase the fatigue and extreme loading in ship hull girders. Both effects are disregarded in current ship rules. Various numerical codes exist for predicting the wave induced vibrations, but so far they are not considered reliable. Another means to investigate the importance of the high frequency response, although more resource demanding, is to carry out full scale measurements and/or model tests. Recently, full scale measurements of blunt ships have been carried out by DNV, and in this paper one of these ships was considered and tested in a towing tank to evaluate the additional fatigue damage due to the wave induced vibrations. Different excitation sources may excite the 2-node vertical vibration mode depending on ship design, and it is not straight forward to determine which is more important. The relative importance of the excitation mechanisms are investigated by two approaches in this paper. The first approach separates the whipping from springing to illustrate their relative importance based on basic theory in combination with model test results. The linear and second order transfer functions are utilized in this procedure. The second approach deals with the effect of the bow design on the additional fatigue damage. Three different bows were tested. The first bow design is identical to the real ship. The second bow design is a simplified version of the first one, by removing the bulb and flare. The third bow is fundamentally different from the two former blunt bows. Bow three is sharp pointed with a vertical sharp stem and vertical ship sides. The results indicate that the importance of whipping depends on the sea state, but that it is of similar importance as springing for the sea states that contributes most to the fatigue damage. Moreover, the difference in the additional fatigue damage due to wave induced vibrations for different bow shapes is moderate. This indicates that vessels with pointed bows and without pronounced bow flare, such as LNG vessels, may have a similar contribution from wave induced vibrations. Modern container vessels, which are more slender, but with pronounced bow flares should be further investigated.

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