According to the transformation relationships between the Cartesian coordinates and the general curvilinear coordinates, the governing equations of the model are derived as the forms in the general curvilinear coordinates from those in the Cartesian coordinates. In the model, the contravariant velocities are adopted as the independent variables in non-orthogonal grids. The momentum equations keep strongly conservative forms and the boundary conditions can be given easily. The model used a staggered grid arrangement. The discrete equations are solved using the SIMPLIC algorithms. The numerical model has been validated against the bifurcated flow of which the diversion angle is 30 degree. Compared with the measured values, the numerical shallow water model is shown to be capable of simulating the water domains with irregular boundaries.

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