This paper is concerned with evaluating the effect of avoidance of heavy weather on the long term wave induced loads on ships. Two hydrodynamic codes VERES based on a 2D strip theory and WASIM based on a 3D Rankine panel method are employed to calculate the wave induced loads and motions on various vessels. Two models for heavy weather avoidance are proposed. The first is based upon the assumption that operational criteria relevant to vertical acceleration, green water and bottom slamming are fulfilled. The second one is based upon the assumption that the sea state forecasts are available to the ship master, and that rerouting is made. And based on the first model considering avoidance of heavy weather and the hydrodynamics results calculated from two codes, the wave induced hull girder loads are obtained. The results are discussed. In particular, the effect of different hydrodynamic codes and various scatter diagrams are assessed. After all, the long term prediction of wave induced hull girder loads considering the effect of avoidance of heavy weather will give a relatively more realistic evaluation of the extreme hull girder loads. Finally the results from ship rules will also be re-evaluated compared with the long term prediction with and without heavy weather avoidance.
- Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Division
Effects of Avoidance of Heavy Weather on the Wave Induced Load on Ships
Shu, Z, & Moan, T. "Effects of Avoidance of Heavy Weather on the Wave Induced Load on Ships." Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. Volume 3: Safety and Reliability; Materials Technology; Douglas Faulkner Symposium on Reliability and Ultimate Strength of Marine Structures. Hamburg, Germany. June 4–9, 2006. pp. 739-746. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2006-92406
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