Since their inception suction caisson foundations have presented themselves as proven means of anchoring floating production systems and fixed offshore structures. The pull-out capacity of suction caissons remains a critical issue in their applications, and in order to produce effective designs, reliable methods of predicting the capacity are required. In this paper results from a numerical investigation on the behaviour of the suction caissons in clays against pull-out loading have been presented. Soil nonlinearities, soil/caisson interactions and the effects from the suction on the behaviour have been taken into account. A linear relationship has been observed between the soil cohesion values and the pull-out capacity. Under drained conditions, beyond specific limits of soil cohesion values, the increase in the cohesion value have found to demonstrate no further influence on the pull-out capacity. The soil internal friction angle has been noticed to have an exponential increasing effect on the pull-out capacity. With constant values of the caisson diameter, an increase in the aspect ratio noticed to have a second order effect of the friction originated part and a linear influence on the cohesion originated part of the resistance. With constant values of the caisson length, an increase in the aspect ratio values has found to result in an exponential decrease of the pull-out capacity. Based on the obtained numerical results simple formulations and approximations have been proposed in order to estimate the effects of the studied parameters on the pull-out capacities.

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