The objectives of the study are to quantify the reliability of a boil-off gas (BOG) reliquefaction system for liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers and to verify design improvements based on the reliability analysis. The system is broken into subsystems and then further into components. Failure rates are collected from generic references, primarily from the OREDA handbook. The reliabilities of the subsystems are estimated, and a reliability block diagram for the whole system is established. The subsystems are classified into three ranks according to their reliability: the high reliability rank comprises the subsystems ‘BOG preparation system,’ ‘Seawater intake system,’ and ‘Buffer N2 reservoir system’, the medium reliability rank the subsystem ‘BOG liquefaction system’, and the low reliability rank the subsystems ‘BOG compression system,’ ‘N2 cooling system’, and ‘Buffer N2 generation system.’ The reliability and availability are estimated for various process configurations where some of the low reliability category have a standby. The ‘bare’ system without any redundancy fails to attain an availability higher than 0.96. Addition of redundancy to one of the least reliable three commonly results in an increase in reliability improvement, to around 0.97. If all of the three subsystems have standby units, the system reliability improves to 0.99. It is recommended that maintenance efforts should be concentrated on the rotating machines that caused the subsystems to have a low reliability.

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