Fatigue is often the governing criterion for deepwater riser design. Fatigue assessment methods based on SN curves typically use fatigue safety factors and there is a lack on consensus about the appropriate Design Fatigue Factor (DFF) for VIV that should be applied. A DFF of 20 is commonly used in project specifications to account for a larger uncertainty in prediction of fatigue damage due to VIV, i.e. fatigue life due to VIV should be at least 20 times more than the service life of the riser. Recent case studies and benchmarking assessments, have confirmed that the DFF of 20 for VIV is not always an optimal choice. Owing to the complexity of the VIV problem, often semi-empirical solutions are adopted in the riser VIV analysis. The implicit uncertainty and bias associated with the VIV analysis model, needs to be considered along with the VIV fatigue safety factor, in order to establish the adequate acceptance criterion for VIV induced fatigue. The stochastic variables governing the VIV and their associated uncertainties can vary widely from case to case and this in turn will influence the VIV safety factor. Different stochastic variables may be relevant based on the floater type, riser type, environmental modeling, analysis methodology etc. In addition to these stochastic variables, the uncertainty in the VIV specific variables, such as Strouhal number, bandwidth parameters, damping effects, lift coefficient, response models (Amplitude /Diameter ratio), etc also need to be considered in the evaluation of the VIV safety factor. In this paper, guidance is provided by means of case studies for establishing case specific VIV safety factors. By performing a set of dedicated analyses for the prevailing uncertain input parameters, the resulting uncertainty in the VIV fatigue damage is estimated. The enhanced risk based criterion presented in DNV Recommended Practice RP-F204 [7], developed as part of the Norwegian Deepwater Programme (NDP) is applied for these case studies to calculate the required VIV fatigue safety factors. This project was sponsored by NDP, whose contribution and support is gratefully acknowledged.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.