This paper presents the fatigue life assessment procedure for the welded joint of ship structure. Test model is a boxing fillet specimen, the idealized welded joint model of longitudinal and transverse members in ship structure. Fatigue test was executed according to the 14-points S-N method of JSME, and experimental data were presented in the S-N curve based on HSS (Hot Spot Stress) approach. To define the fatigue life of crack initiation and crack propagation, S-N data for each length of crack were appraised. In this study, the new FE analysis algorithms for the estimation of residual stress relaxation due to external load and residual stress redistribution due to crack propagation were proposed to assess the effect of residual stresses on crack growth precisely. Initial welding residual stress field was obtained by thermal elasto-plastic analysis considering temperature dependent material properties, and the amount of residual stress relaxation and redistribution were assessed by subsequent elasto-plastic analysis. In the analysis of crack propagation, the SIF (Stress Intensity Factor) range was evaluated by 1/4-point displacement extrapolation method, and the effect of welding residual stresses on fatigue behaviors was considered by introducing the effective SIF concept. The test results of crack propagations were compared with the predicted data from the analysis.

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