Nowadays, there is an increasing demand for use of jack-up crane vessels to install offshore wind turbines. These vessels usually have shallow soil penetration during offshore crane operations because of the requirement of frequent repositioning. The soil-structure interaction should thus be properly modeled for evaluating the motion responses, especially at crane tip at large lifting height. Excessive crane tip motion affects the dynamic responses of the lifted components and subsequently affects the safety and efficiency of operations. The present study addresses the effects of soil behaviour modeling of a typical jack-up crane vessel on the dynamic motion responses of a wind turbine blade during installation using a fully coupled method. The coupled method account for wind loads on the blade and the vessel hull, wave loads on the vessel legs, soil-structure interaction, structural flexibility of the vessel legs and crane, and the mechanical wire couplings. Three models for the soil-leg interactions and two soil types are considered. The foundation modeling is found to have vital effects on the system dynamic motion responses. The characteristics of system motion differ under different types of soil. Compared to the combined linear spring and damper model, the simplified pinned and fixed foundations respectively lead to significant overestimation and underestimation of the motion responses of the blade during installation by jack-up crane vessels. To ensure safe and efficient offshore operations, detailed site specific soil properties should be used in numerical studies of offshore crane operations using jack-up crane vessels.

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