Hierarchical designs of biological structures have remarkable physical, chemical mechanical and biological properties and functionalities over the wide range of length scales [1–4]. Man-made nanocomposites have dramatic improvement of the structural and mechanical properties but however they have very limited hierarchy . Fish scales are bone-like tissues, which form a protective layer on the body of the fish and enable the fish to swim efficiently. Bones and bone-like parts in living organism are formed as tissues by self-assembly of bio-minerals and protein matrix. These tissues are bio-nanocomposites and have hierarchical structure ranging from nanoscale to macroscale [2–4]. Bio-hierarchy contains different bio-macromolecules, bio-minerals, interfacial bonds and porosity which result in gradient mechanical properties at multiple length scales [1–6]. Fish scale consists of inorganic bio-minerals and organic collagens [3,4]. Multilevel hierarchy influences elasticity, hardness and fracture toughness of fish scale. They have additional functions related to movement including reduction or increase of drag  and rapid manoeuvre while they are hunting or avoiding predators. In this article we report comparison studies of hierarchical nanocomposite of sardina pilchardus(sp) fish scale and man-made SiO2 nanoparticles filled nanocomposites.
- Nanotechnology Institute
- Bioengineering Division
Nature Nanocomposite Versus Man-Made Nanocomposites: Studies of Nanoscale Structural, Chemical and Mechanical Hierarchy of a Fish Scale in Contrast With Man-Made Polymer Nanocomposites
Devaprakasam, D. "Nature Nanocomposite Versus Man-Made Nanocomposites: Studies of Nanoscale Structural, Chemical and Mechanical Hierarchy of a Fish Scale in Contrast With Man-Made Polymer Nanocomposites." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 2nd Global Congress on NanoEngineering for Medicine and Biology. ASME 2013 2nd Global Congress on NanoEngineering for Medicine and Biology. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. February 4–6, 2013. V001T07A001. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/NEMB2013-93085
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