Traffic noise is a major noise source in the study of environmental noise. Various noise generation mechanisms depict different spectral features. Some are wide-band noise, such as engine knocks; some have signature frequencies, such as gear transmissions; and some are in a certain frequency region, such as tire/road noise. These spectral features affect the façade design of a building in order to achieve sufficient exterior noise insulation and satisfactory interior noise due to the traffic noise. ISO standard 11819-1 specifies the measurement procedure of statistical pass-by tests. There are three ranges of vehicle speed: slow, medium, and fast. However, it requires that the vehicle must maintain constant speed when passing by the test point. Unfortunately, a vehicle tends to generate higher noise when accelerating, especially at low frequencies. Therefore, it is necessary to distinguish the noise levels at an intersection versus middle-points of the road between two intersections. Presumably, the traffic noise levels at an intersection would be higher. This research measured the traffic noise at various locations of different speed limits. Statistical analyses were conducted to compare the spectra at these locations. This is also an effort to refine the noise map.
- Noise Control and Acoustics Division
Spectral Comparison of Pass-By Traffic Noise
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Li, Z. "Spectral Comparison of Pass-By Traffic Noise." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Noise Control and Acoustics Division Session presented at INTERNOISE 2018. ASME 2018 Noise Control and Acoustics Division Session presented at INTERNOISE 2018. Chicago, Illinois, USA. August 26–29, 2018. V001T01A014. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/NCAD2018-6149
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