Noise is a nuisance in the built environment, and to avoid undesirable transmission of sound and vibration within a building, its vibro-acoustic performance must be addressed in the design phase. For heavy structures, a reliable assessment of the sound pressure levels can be made by statistical energy analysis—especially at high frequencies. However, for lightweight buildings a numerical approach, e.g. the finite-element method, must be applied. A problem in this regard is the computational complexity. Even at low frequencies, many degrees of freedom are required in a model accounting for all possible paths for transmission of sound in a building—in particular when finite elements are employed for the air. This paper examines whether a rigorous model of the acoustic field in each room is necessary in order to obtain accurate estimates of the sound pressure, or if a simpler approach may be adopted. Five different cases are compared: A model that only includes the structure, a model with semi-infinite elements to account for radiation from the structure into the air, a model introducing finite elements for the acoustic field, a model with dissipation of sound inside the room, and finally a model with sound absorption on the surfaces of walls, floors and ceilings.
- Noise Control and Acoustics Division
Influence of Wall Surface and Air Modelling in Finite-Element Analysis of Sound Transmission Between Rooms in Lightweight Buildings
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Andersen, LV, Kirkegaard, PH, Dickow, KA, Kiel, N, & Persson, K. "Influence of Wall Surface and Air Modelling in Finite-Element Analysis of Sound Transmission Between Rooms in Lightweight Buildings." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Noise Control and Acoustics Division Conference at InterNoise 2012. ASME 2012 Noise Control and Acoustics Division Conference. New York City, New York, USA. August 19–22, 2012. pp. 393-404. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/NCAD2012-1093
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