Municipal waste has characteristics that make it particularly suitable for the generation of heat and power. Waste is generally available close to the location of heat and power consumption in towns and densely populated areas. The technology used in modern Energy-from-Waste (EfW) plants is such that the waste is transformed into a reusable ash and that the flue gases are no longer a significant source of emissions. These points have been assured by the European Waste Incineration directive since 2005.

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