Photolithography has remained a useful micro-fabrication technology because of its high throughput, low cost, simplicity, and reproducibility over the past several decades. However its resolution is limited at a sub-wavelength scale due to optical diffraction. Among all different approaches to overcoming this problem, such as electron-beam lithography, imprint lithography and scanning probe lithography, near-field optical lithography inherits many merits of the traditional photolithography method. Major drawbacks of this approach include low contrast, low transmission and low density.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.