We report nano-engineered surfaces (NanoTurf), designed to make various micro- and nano-fluidic devices and systems less frictional for liquid flows, and describe microchannels made with such a surface. While our group has reported a dramatic (> 95%) drag reduction of discrete droplets flowing in a space between two parallel-plates covered with “random” nano-posts created by the “black silicon method” [1], this paper describes various nanofabrication techniques, including those capable of “designing” nanostructures with not only a good control of pattern sizes and periods but also practical manufacturability to be embedded in various micro- and nano-fluidic devices and systems. Microchannels are developed using the designed nanostructure surfaces and used for continuous flow tests.

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