We have successfully purified BR from purple membrane of Halobacterium Salinarium and Cox from the genetically engineered plasmid inserted in Rhodobacter Sphaeroides. The activities of the purified enzymes have shown in lipid vesicles as well as in polymer vesicles and planar membranes. Phosphatidylcholine derived lipid vesicles created the most nature like environment for the enzymes. Triblock copolymer membrane was the alternative choice for membrane protein reconstitution since polymers are more durable, ideal for industrial applications and support enzyme activities better. We also demonstrated the backward function of Cox in vitro by changing proton concentration in the surrounding medium. Langmuir-Blodgett method was used to reconstitute the enzymes into the planar lipid or polymer membranes. The enzyme activities of the enzymes in planar membrane system were tested by impedance spectroscopy.

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