In this paper, the design and performance differences between Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) and NoSQL Database Systems are examined, with attention to their applicability for real-world Internet of Things for manufacturing (IoTfM) data. While previous work has extensively compared SQL and NoSQL for both generalized and IoT uses, this work specifically examines the tradeoffs and performance differences for manufacturing applications by using a high-fidelity data set collected from a large US manufacturing firm. Growing an IoT system beyond the pilot stage requires scalable data storage; this work seeks to determine the impact of selected database systems on data write performance at scale. Payload size and message frequency were used as the primary characteristics to maintain model fidelity in simulated clients. As the number of simulated asset clients grow, the data write latency was calculated to determine how both database systems’ performance were affected. To isolate the RDBMS and NoSQL differences, a cloud environment was created using Amazon Web Services (AWS) with two identical data ingestion pipelines: writing data to an RDMBS (1) using AWS Aurora MySQL, and (2) using AWS DynamoDB NoSQL. The findings may provide guidance for further experimentation in large-scale manufacturing IoT implementations.

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