The use of additive manufacturing (AM) in industrial applications is steadily increasing due to its near net shape production and high design-freedom. For metallic components, laser-based powder bed fusion (L-PBF) is currently one of the most widely used AM processes. During L-PBF, a component is manufactured layer by layer from a powdery raw material. The process is controlled by a multitude of parameters like the laser power, scanning speed and layer thickness, whose combination significantly influences the properties of the components.

In this study, the influence of the L-PBF machine type and the influence of the powder batch are investigated by means of relative density, microhardness and microstructure of the components. For this purpose, three setups are defined, differing in the powder batch and machine type used. By comparing the process results of the additive manufacturing of different setups, the influence of the machine type and powder batch are determined. The considered material is stainless steel AISI 316L. The results revealed significant differences between all investigated properties of the additively manufactured components. Consequently, process parameter combinations cannot be transferred between different machine types and powder batches without verification of the component properties and, if necessary, special adaption of the process.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.