This paper investigated key factors influencing energy consumption in the micro-extrusion process. The considered factors were: extrusion ratio (ER), die angle (α), billet length (BL), bearing length (LB), coefficient of friction (COF), and die shift (DS). The finite element simulation was carried out to determine the extrusion energy required to complete one extrusion cycle. The simulation results showed that the increased values of all the considered factors (except the die shift) led to increased extrusion energy. The results also provided percentages of energy variation in steps, which helped evaluate the energy savings with regards to the crucial other production considerations. The percentage increase in energy consumption in the lower ER values was considered higher than those of, the higher ER values. Increasing die angle (α) from 60° to 90° barely affected the consumed energy. The highest increase percentage of extrusion energy was found while increasing billet lengths (BL) from 3.00 mm to 4.00 mm. The lower bearing length (LB) values offered lower consumed energy. The consumed extrusion energy linearly increased with COF. The die shift (DS) did not affect the extrusion energy, but the final part geometry (curved pins). The results and analysis from this study could be used to potential energy savings and overall production costs of the micro-extrusion process.

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