Cryogenic manufacturing processes have emerged as environmental-friendly, increase tool life and improve surface integrity of machined components by efficiently removing the heat from the cutting zone. Especially considered to be an efficient method to machine difficult-to-cut metals which are poor thermal conductivity, such as nickel, titanium alloys and polymer materials and so on. Many researchers have studied the effectiveness of cryogenic machining process, such as increasing tool life and improving surface integrity and so on. However, most articles on this topic were not considered the applications of actual industry. Cutting tool is one of the most important parts of industry applications. Most of cutting tools were not designed for cryogenic machining. In this work, the internally cooled turning tool was developed for cryogenic machining. The spray angle and diameter of the outlet were optimized by thermal field simulations. The results showed that 15° injection angle was more suitable to the machining process. Compare to 1mm outlet diameter, 3mm outlet diameter had better cooling effect. And the shape of outlet was optimized. A pressure simulation of the inner channel is carried out. The result shows that the pressure drop from inlet to outlets is only 66.696277Pa (about 6‰). Then, a spray test of the cutting tool was performed. The tests revealed that liquid nitrogen could be transmitted accurately and stably to the tool nose and the machining area. At last, a machining experiment proved that the turning tool could reduce the cutting temperature effectively when machining Ti-6Al-4V.

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