Abstract

The automobile, transportation and shipbuilding industries are aiming at fuel efficient products. In order to enhance the fuel efficiency, the overall weight of the product should be brought down. This requirement has increased the use of material like aluminium and its alloys. But, it is difficult to weld aluminium using conventional welding processes. This problem can be solved by inventions like friction stir welding (FSW) process. During fabrication of product, FSW joints are subjected to many different processes and forming is one of them. During conventional forming, the formability of the welded blanks is found to be lower than the formability of the parent blank involved in it. One of the major reasons for reduction in formability is the global deformation provided on the blank during forming process. In order to improve the formability of homogeneous blanks, Single Point Incremental Forming (SPIF) is found to be giving excellent results. So, in this work formability of the welded blanks is investigated during the SPIF process. Friction Stir Welding is used to fabricate the welded blanks using AA 6061 T6 as base material. Welded blanks are formed in to truncated cone through SPIF process. CNC milling machine is used as SPIF machine tool to perform the experimental work. In order to avoid direct contact between weld seam and forming tool, a dummy sheet was used between them. As responses forming limit curve (FLC), surface roughness, and thinning are investigated. It was found that use of dummy sheet leads to improve the surface finish of the formed blank. The formability of the blank was found less in comparison to the parent metal involved in it. Uneven distribution of mechanical properties in the welded blanks leads to decrease the formability of the welded blanks.

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