Oak Ridge National Lab’s (ORNL) Metal Big Area Additive Manufacturing (mBAAM) and Hybrid Manufacturing teams in the Manufacturing Demonstration Facility (MDF) was tasked with developing a part that exceeded 24 inches in length and 100lbs in weight on a laser hotwire welding system. The Mazak VC-500A/5X AM HWD hybrid 5-axis CNC laser hotwire system was leveraged to complete the task. The proposed geometry was manufactured with 410 stainless steel on AISI1018 steel substrate in just over 36 hours of build time. The proposed geometry was sliced and additively manufactured in three segments; the base, and two extrusions measuring 10 inches in length and 14 inches in length. Production of this component demonstrated hybrid capabilities requiring fixed 5-axis rotations to complete geometry that exceeded the defined build volume of the machine. Multiple repairs of the part were conducted in-situ leveraging the additive and subtractive capabilities of the Mazak hybrid system. Significant overbuilding challenges were encountered and manually addressed by leveraging subtractive capabilities of the hybrid system. Future processes are presented for development to reduce overheating of top layers. Final part measurements exceeded 107 lbs. in weight and 24.5 inches in length along the principal axis; the largest and heaviest part created by a hybrid system at the MDF.

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