S-shaped machining test is proposed for ISO standard to evaluate the motion accuracy of five-axis machining centers. However, it have not been investigated that which factor mainly influences the quality of the finished S-shape workpieces. This study focuses on the influence of the quality of NC program and geometric errors of rotary axes onto the quality of finished surface. Actual cutting tests and simulations are carried out to the investigation. As the results, it is clarified that the tolerance of NC program has a great influence onto the quality. It is also clarified that the geometric errors have great influences onto the quality. However, it is difficult to evaluate the influence of each geometric error because all geometric errors make glitches at the same point on the machined surface. It can be concluded that the proposed S-shape machining test can be used as the total demonstration of the machining techniques.

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