Laser cladding utilizes a high-powered laser to fuse and solidify the metal powders, which results in a complex change of physical and mechanical properties. Selection of parameters and creative structure design are critical for laser cladding technology. High-speed steel is cladded on the base metal 40Cr by diode laser to investigate the influence of curvature radius, scanning speed, gas flow and laser power. The micro hardness and residue stress are tested while the microstructure is analyzed. According to analysis of the process parameters in orthogonal experiment, the optimal parameters are: curvature radius 100 mm, laser power 1200W, gas flow 1000 L/h, and scanning speed 16 mm/s. Under the optimal parameters, the microstructure and grid is uniform and the grain growth is along the same direction.

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