Inconel 718 (IN718) is a nickel based Ni-Cr-Fe super alloy. It has a unique set of properties such as good workability, corrosion resistance, high temperature strength, favorable weldability and excellent manufacturability. Due to its wide range of applications, IN718 is an alloy of great interest for many industries. Meanwhile, additive manufacturing assisted with laser has caught much interest from researchers and practitioners in the past three decades. In this study, IN718 alloy coupons are manufactured by selective laser melting (SLM) technique. The SLMed IN718 alloys are treated by ultrasonic nanocrystal surface modification (UNSM), and the residual stress distributions underneath the surfaces are measured. It is found that residual stress mostly tensile is induced while building the part by the SLM technique. The tensile stresses can be reduced to almost zero value by post heat treatment. Moreover, the heat treatment helps to homogenize the microstructure, and results in the increase in hardness. More importantly, it is observed that UNSM effectively induces compressive residual stresses in the as-built and heat-treated parts. The residual stresses of compressive nature in as built parts has depth of around 530 μm where as in heat treated parts has a depth of around 530μm.

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