Powder capture efficiency is indicative of the amount of material that is added to the substrate during laser additive manufacturing processes, and thus, being able to predict capture efficiency provides capability of predictive modeling during such processes. The focus of the work presented in this paper is to create a numerical model to understand particle trajectories and velocities, which in turn allows for the prediction of capture efficiency. To validate the numerical model, particle tracking velocimetry experiments at two powder flow rates were conducted on free stream particle spray to track individual particles such that particle concentration and velocity fields could be obtained. Results from the free stream comparison showed good agreement to the trends observed in experimental data and were subsequently used in a direct laser deposition simulation to assess capture efficiency and temperature profile at steady-state. The simulation was validated against a single track deposition experiment and showed proper correlation of the free surface geometry, molten pool boundary, heat affected zone boundary and capture efficiency.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.