The manufacturing of gear elements by forming offers advantages regarding the resulting mechanical properties of the functional components. One possible approach is offered by the incremental sheet-bulk metal forming of gears using a linear motion punch. This method is highly flexible in terms of shape and position of the functional elements to be produced, but inefficient from an economical point of view due to the high process time. This paper presents a new sheet-bulk gear forming process using rotating tools in order to speed up the manufacturing process of load-adapted gears. Here, different concepts with rotating tools being synchronized and non-synchronized to the workpiece are investigated to form high-strength, load-adapted gears made of bainitic steel BS600. The focus is on the analysis of the occurring material flow which is examined by means of finite element analysis and microstructural investigations to ensure the manufacture of fully functional geared components by this sheet-bulk metal forming process.

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