To study the influence of non-isothermal deformation on microstructure, texture and mechanical properties, the CP Ti sheets were rolled to approximately 10% reduction per pass under a pair of rolls with different surface temperatures (i.e. non-isothermal rolled). The progress of recrystallization was enhanced with the increase of the difference in surface temperature between upper and lower rolls. When CP Ti sheets were non-isothermally rolled under the upper and lower rolls with surface temperatures of 210 and 120 °C, respectively, complete recrystallization occurred. Under such circumstances, it was found that the microstructure consists of equiaxed grains with the average size of 13μm and with mainly high-angle boundaries. Pyramidal <c+a> slip was the dominant deformation mechanism, and the elongation at room temperature was three times of that in the initial state. However, CP Ti sheets were rolled under a pair of roll with the same surface temperatures of 120 or 210 °C (i.e. isothermal rolled), recrystallization did not occur, and the microstructure, texture and mechanical properties of CP Ti isothermal rolling sheets were similar to those of conventional hot rolled CP Ti sheets.

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