In this paper, we introduce a simulation-based method to implement electricity demand response for manufacturers considering both heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) and manufacturing systems. Compared with the existing literature where the demand response implementation for manufacturing system and HVAC system is usually conducted separately, this paper advances the state of the art by combining two systems together in demand response. A joint simulation model is established using ProModel and EnergyPlus. ProModel is first used to simulate the demand response for the manufacturing system to obtain the demand response actions without influencing production. After that, these actions are used as input information in EnergyPlus where the HVAC and building models are developed. The interaction between the heat generated due to manufacturing machine operation and the indoor heat demand is explored. Three different demand response strategies, i.e., 1) the baseline model that neither manufacturing system nor HVAC is considered for demand response; 2) only manufacturing system is considered for demand response; and 3) both the HVAC and manufacturing systems are considered for demand response, are presented and compared. The results show that the combined model can achieve high power demand reduction during demand response event.

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