Development of industry demands better performance of equipments and devices than ever. The property of material used to produce the equipments is the precondition to ensure the quality. As equipments are usually required to be integral during the quality inspection, non-destructive testing (NDT) plays an increasingly import role in modern industry quality control. Different NDT methods are introduced and analyzed. The mechanism of ultrasonic exciting is described. After the ultrasonic is excited, the vibration signal can be detected by transducer or optical method which are then illustrated. In the section of development of laser ultrasonic technology, contributions made by various researchers in theoretic development, experiment, simulation and application are introduced and the corresponding content of the researches as well. The conclusion and the outlook of laser ultrasonic technique is made at the last.

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