In view of the limited number of the modified segments for high-order and two-stage modified elliptical helical gears, and poor adjustment capacity for gear ratio, the formation mechanism of a high-order multistage modified ellipse was studied, and a unified mathematical expression of the family of ellipses was obtained. Thus, a design procedure for the helical gear pair of the high-order multistage modified ellipse was suggested, and its transmission characteristics were discussed exhaustively. Moreover, some checking methods such as the curvature radius of the pitch curve, convexity, pressure angle, root cutting, and contact ratio were offered. Finally, two design cases, including two-order and three-stage modified elliptical helical gear pair and two-order and four-stage one, were implemented. The cases indicate that a high-order multistage modified elliptical helical gear can be utilized in practice.

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