In this paper, precise P3 scribing of thin-film solar cells (AZO/CIGS/Mo/Glass) via a picosecond laser is investigated. A parametric study is carried out for P3 scribing to study the effects of laser fluence and overlap ratio on ablation depth and slot quality, supported by the numerical prediction using a two-temperature model. The optimum scribing conditions are determined, and the potential processing speed is increased. Laser induced periodic surface structures are also presented after the scribing process, which can potentially enhance the absorption of the cell surface and consequently increase the cell efficiency.

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