This paper describes an approach combining thermal stress and magnetic force in order to generate α-Fe2O3 nanosheets on the surface of various iron substrates that include plate and powder and their application of nanosheets on water treatment. A typical procedure involved the thermal oxidation of these substrates on the hot plate with magnetic field in air and with fixed temperature of 500°C for different times. A possible mechanism — magnetic force adding on iron ions — was proposed to explain the growth of nanosheet at the width direction. Electron microscopic studies indicate that these nanosheets show a parabolic relation with time of thermal oxidation for the growth at width direction. A comparison of heavy metal (As, Cr) ion adsorption effect of nanosheets and nanowires was also investiged, which show that nanosheets have a much better adsorption ratio than nanowires.

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