Application of small quantity lubrication (SQL) technology in high speed machining is being recognized as a sustainable approach for achieving suitable cooling/lubrication in machining zone. Present investigation focused on effectiveness of SQL with nanofluids in high speed turning of AISI 4140 steel with a TiN-top coated multilayered carbide insert and explored the advantages of using a twin-jet SQL system instead of a single jet one. SQL system was developed in-house with external-mix nozzles. The experiment was conducted varying the cutting velocity at two different feed rates (0.05mm/rev and 0.10mm/rev) with conventional coolant and nanofluids. Immediate improvement in machinability and the quality of turned surface was observed with twin-jet nanofluid SQL. A significant reduction of force and specific energy could be achieved by using 3vol% alumina and 1vol% multi walled carbon nano tube (MWCNT) nanofluid instead of soluble oil. The MWCNT nanofluid was found to be superior to alumina nanofluid in reduction of tensile residual stress. Such a reduction is typically an indirect indication of reduction of cutting zone temperature, which could be achieved due to enhanced level of lubricity at chip-tool interface and enhanced level of heat dissipation ability of the nanofluids. Improvement in retention of sharpness of tool cutting edges was also observed under nanofluid-SQL environment, which could have played important role in improvement of surface quality.
- Manufacturing Engineering Division
High Speed Turning of AISI 4140 Steel Using Nanofluid Through Twin Jet SQL System
Roy, S, & Ghosh, A. "High Speed Turning of AISI 4140 Steel Using Nanofluid Through Twin Jet SQL System." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the 41st North American Manufacturing Research Conference. Volume 2: Systems; Micro and Nano Technologies; Sustainable Manufacturing. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. June 10–14, 2013. V002T04A002. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/MSEC2013-1067
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