Recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) quantifies the number and duration of recurrences of the nonlinear dynamical system presented by its phase space trajectory. The present work analyzes the dynamics of the cutting process in a lathe by studying the recurrent behavior of the system using RQA. It reports the capability of this analysis to detect the transition from chatter free cutting to chatter cutting which occurs due to instability of the cutting process, during the turning operation. The study reveals that the RQA variable, percent determinism is sensitive to this transition. It is found that the value of this variable increases when chatter occurs.

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