Nano- and microtechnologies offer many benefits to society and promise the prospect of paradigm shifts on many technological fronts, including health care, alternative energy production, and efficient chemical processing. Current manufacturing processes for the production of nano- and microscale products, however, are energy and waste-intensive — requiring energy and creating wastes/emissions at orders of magnitude greater than traditional production. Therefore, research is needed to quantify environmental performance improvements in nano- and microproduction technologies, nickel nanoparticle (NiNP) deposition is compared with more traditional nickel phosphorus (NiP) electroplating for facilitating diffusion brazing of arrayed microfluidics. These two technologies are analyzed on a functional basis from an environmental perspective. Potential areas of improvement and future research opportunities are identified and discussed.

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