A non contact optical technique for mapping the surface finish of cylinder bores has been developed, and a probe has been built for performing this mapping by scanning the surface of a cylinder with a laser beam and recording the intensity of scattered light detected as a function of position on the cylinder surface. The probe is not a surface roughness gauge. It is used primarily to distinguish the scattering signatures from different patterns of machining marks. For identical patterns of machining marks scattered light intensity is expected to be proportional to surface roughness. Measurement of a cylinder takes about 10 seconds using this probe. If an array of probes were used to inspect the cylinders of an engine block simultaneously, this technique could be used for 100% inspection of the entire surface of every cylinder of every block at the speed of an engine production line. In this paper we present data from a proof of concept experiment, describe the method of analyzing the data, and outline plans for future implementation of an inspection station on an engine block production line.

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