Analysis of tool-chip friction for tools with edge design in metal cutting helps to understand the complex material behavior around the cutting edge of the tool. The results of this analysis can be used to identify optimum tool edge design to achieve the most desirable machining performance. In this study, slip-line field analysis approach is used to investigate the average friction factor at the tool-chip interface and the dead metal zone phenomenon in orthogonal cutting for chamfered and honed tools. In an experimental set-up, an orthogonal cutting test of AISI 4340 steel is performed. Measured forces are utilized in identifying the friction factors at the tool-interface for both chamfered and honed tools for varying feed rates. Comparison of predicted and measured forces indicates good agreements. The results of this study can be utilized in designing friction at tool-chip interface for Finite Element simulations of machining with edge design tools. This study can also be extended to waterfall hone tools to identify the most optimum cutting edge geometry.

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