Thermal management has become an important issue to be solved in the miniaturization and weight reduction of electronic equipment, especially in the aerospace field. The doped BaTiO3, as a self-regulating heating material, exhibits an attractive application perspective on the thermal control of electrical devices, resulting from its positive temperature coefficient (PTC) property. However, the Curie temperature of most of the doped BaTiO3 material at present is much higher than the operating temperature of the electrical equipment. On this basis, this paper focuses on the controlling of the Curie temperature and thermal control performance of the BaTiO3-based heating component. The polycrystalline Ba1-xSrxTiO3 was synthesized by solid solution reaction. The Curie temperature is tuned by the content of the strontium element, simultaneously the elements Y and Mn are doped to reduce the room temperature resistivity and improve the PTC effect. The X-ray diffraction demonstrates that the bulk phase of the Ba1-xSrxTiO3 generates in the presintering process, while the crystallization of composition has completed during the sintering. Importantly, the Curie temperature of doped Ba1-xSrxTiO3 for x = 0.3 with average particle size of 4.86 μm has shifted to around 38°C, beyond that exhibiting a 2.8-orders magnitude of PTCR jump.
Results of the thermal control experiment show that, in contrast to the ordinary resistor heater, the heating element based on the BaTiO3 PTC material can achieve lower equilibrium temperature without any auxiliary control methods. Compared to the traditional thermal control system composed by the ordinary resistor, sensor and controller, the novel thermal control system based on PTC heating unit possesses simple structure, lightweight and excellent reliability.