The diffusion-limited cluster aggregation (DLCA) model has been implemented in a three-dimensional (3D) domain with a shape of an approximately spherical cap for simulating the drying process of a sessile nanofluid droplet. The droplet evaporation is investigated with the pinned three-phase line, resulting in shrinking contact angle and outward capillary flow. The cluster-cluster aggregation between the particles is taken into account in the model, and the transition from the uniform deposition to the coffee-ring pattern is established by altering the sticking probability parameter. The results of the simulation turn to be consistent with the experimental observation. The influence of the parameters, such as particle volumetric concentration and relative domain size, are studied.

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